Why many Projects ‘fail’: most common issues
Every year organisations spend vast sums on initiatives typically described as ‘projects’. Every year, there are countless examples of poor delivery performance, or major disappointment with their outcome.
Results of asking the question hundreds of times:
PMIS has delivered project management training to leading companies for over two decades. Throughout this period, we ask ‘what goes wrong with projects‘ as a formal exercise at the start of all courses. We capture and aggregate participants output, providing two very interesting results (this comes from over 3000 people):
- the similarity of the responses to this question whenever it is asked – and responses seldom change;
- the similarity of the results from across very different industries.
The top results, as provided by the participants themselves, are:
- unclear objectives and planned benefits;
- lack of alignment to project goals across stakeholders;
- non-participative sponsors and stakeholders, or users;
- poor communication of objectives and targets across the team;
- unofficial scope creep;
- poor/ lack of measures or information on project performance;
- unclear responsibilities across the team (can be catastrophic on its own);
- lack of / poor quality planning / resource planning;
- poor supplier integration / management;
- lack of commitment, ownership or team working.
What is noteworthy is that despite investment in recent years in improved project management ‘methods’ (or methodologies), the above results have remained much the same. This says something powerful – which we believe is:
- investing in methods assuming that project teams have the capabilities to use them is at best, optimistic
- the focus of many current PM methods leaves much to be desired – focusing on the ‘easy’ stuff
- too may Corporations and individuals are still light on skills to deliver projects successfully – in addition, many have thin or ineffective corporate Project Governance processes and capability.
Projects are challenging, and probably always will be. In business though, we still see lots of examples where organisations sometimes make them much tougher than they need to be. Common examples of this are:
- asking the wrong people to manage projects or assuming anyone can be a successful project manager;
- limited commitment to or understanding of the trues goals of a project;;
- limited understanding of the risks being faced by the project; always being too busy fighting fires rather than mitigating project risks;
- using very poor methods (and information) to present and discuss projects in their early stages;
- issues or gaps in the project organisation and in particular the way responsibilities are defined across the team.
There are numerous surveys and a number of research tasks that have looked at exactly the same question. One of the most commonly quoted is the Standish Chaos study, which also identifies the above as common challenges to projects.
There are others as well that match the above results completely, for example a comprehensive report produced by the Royal Academy of Engineering in 2004 in conjunction with the British Computer Society entitled the ‘The Management of Complex IT projects’, which states:
- “The evidence received clearly and unanimously identified management factors and human, rather than technical issues as the prime causes of project failure.”
The above image is provided with the kind permission of Viki Sauter
All of the issues outlined at the top of this page are the responsibility of the management function of the project, and are almost always the key management challenges on projects of any magnitude. As corporations, we must ask ourselves: ‘are we prepared to recognise this (culturally) and able (i.e. skilled) to manage projects far more effectively?’
Why is this? We actually make projects much harder than they need to be.
Why do we think this happens, and more importantly, why do we think this recurs on a regular basis? PMIS believes a lot has to do with:
- many individuals who take on the management of a project for the first time underestimate the task they are taking ‘responsibility’ for, creating a very steep learning curve – add this to the most important phase on every project (i.e. definition), and the prospects of success are likely to be challenged before the project gets off the ground;
- often people only assume the role of project manager on an occasional basis throughout their whole career – by the time they manage their next project the scars of the last one (and the methods they were encouraged to employ) are long forgotten (this is especially true for internal / business projects);
- too many ‘professional project managers’ still do not routinely employ the fundamentals of project management;
- as organisations, still, we are often a long way from recognising the likely impact of the above.
One other challenge: poor preparation for PMs
We often encounter people who have just been give the title ‘project manager’ in similar circumstances to those described immediately above, often for the first time in their career. One reaction, which is not uncommon, as you describe to them the fullness of their responsibilities, is to see them literally sink at the thought of what they have let themselves in for. This reaction is often a reflection of the poor quality process for choosing them as project managers within their organisations and the lack of support and preparation they get for this often challenging role.
Too many organisations today employ no real ‘science’ in the selection of project managers, and too often they do not make very clear to those selected, what they actually expect from them.
So, what are the best solutions to the above?
There are no magic bullets like buy a new piece of software and all of the above goes away, but there are some improved methods and approaches, such as Agile – and a great idea would be to read our page on Agile Project management and come back and re-read the list of “Top Results” of “what goes wrong” on this page. Food for thought for lots of businesses.
Email us today to see how we can help you.
- Guidance on planing projects effectively
- Overview of Leadership and team working – a large part of the solution to the above.
Click here for full details of Project Management Training Courses from PMIS.